16 04 22 13:19 hs.
By Marcelo Metayer, of the DIB Agency
Looking at the old photos, it is very probable that there are vehicles about words. Uno está acostumbrado a que si el entorno de la imagen es urbano, lo que ve sea un tranvía; and in the case of a rural context, it is treated as a train. Pero, ¿y si ambos se combinan? Is it possible that there are rural trails?
The answer is yes. Y durante varios años, a fines del siglo XIX, en el norte de lo que ahora llamamos Gran Buenos Aires era comun ver ver wagones sobre rieles tirados por caballos. You have a “sleeping shed”, something unique in the world. This service runs around Chacarita, in the city of Buenos Aires, and Zárate: more than 100 kilometers, which is located in one of its hours.
Everything was celebrated in 1884. On April 29, the company Federico Lacroze, pioneer of the tram in the City of Buenos Aires, signed a concession to install “variations of railway lines in the Province of the Province, embracing the life of animals. caballar ”.
The project was sometime for the study of the Department of Ingenieros de la Provincia, as well as the General Assessor and the Ferrocarril del Oeste, which was the property of the Gobierno bonaerense. You can see some observations, you can choose the Honorable Legislature and get on the 2nd of October. The contract was definitely established in La Plata on February 4, 1886.
The rural resort is located 105 kilometers between Chacarita and Zárate.
Hacía rato que los hermanos Lacroze, Federico y Julio – abuelo de Amalita de Fortabat-, tenían esta idea en la cabeza. In 1866, 20 years before the concession, he published a text entitled “The economic ferrocarriles and the arsenal of Argentina” where he defended the utility of the transept of the urban gate and as a complement to the ferrocarril. The idea was to improve the transport for finances and horticultural products, including passengers.
The article 1 of the specific contract is a record that can be found on the new line. As it is located next to the Almagro station, it is located in Chacarita, and in the Santa Fe street it is located on the Saavedra River. De ahi, a San Martín. Luego, “next to Villa Colón, passing by Bella Vista, San Miguel, Pilar, Capilla del Señor, Giles, Carmen de Areco, Salto, Rojas and Villa Colón; communicating the Chapel of the Señor with Zárate and Campana, as well as a line that is part of the Giles, pass by Villa de Luján, Marcos Paz, San Vicente and near the Dique Nú 1 of the Puerto de La Plata and other of Pilar à Giles directly ”. It was a project with an ambitious view, but it turned out to be a complete house, and it was only realized that San Andrés de Giles – the port of La Plata, via Luján.
In the past, the Legislature offers Lacroze with 5% of the value of the line construction, with a base of less than 5,000 pesos per kilometer. Los rieles eran los comunes del tipo “Vignole”, de un peso de 15,5 Kg por metro lineal, y kolocados en una trocha de 1,435 metros, la misma que la de todas las empresas de tranvías porteños.
Uno de los vagones del Tramway Rural.
You are now Zárate
The construction is advanced with celebrity. Así, en april de 1888 ya estaba habilitado el servicio Chacarita – Pilar. In July he went to Zárate, and on the 27th he was able to serve the cargo, but the passengers were expected to wait until September.
The main feature of the company, in your business, is to use cables for traction. This was completed in 1891, when the decision was made to use steam locomotives. As, the Tramway Rural is located at a distance of about a year in the line of cables, with a world record of 105 kilometers between the cabins.
This longitude is above the price: the trip lasts longer than six hours, and approximately every hour, after recording a distance of 16 to 17 kilometers, you can change the cables for fresh air.
El diario porteño El Nacional publishes a critique perhaps in the way it is affirmed: “It is with a lot of reason for the service of the Buenos Aires Rural Tram line to the Chapel of the Lord, inaugurated by the late Lacroze recently. A trip from Buenos Aires to the Capilla en Tramway is a perdurable life. Hay que hacer testamento primero ”.
But there are still inventions, the Rural Tram is all about it. In a note about Federico Lacroze in Caras and Caretas from 1899, during the week of the embezzlement of the company, the benefit of the service was “the hacendados and chacareros, with precios de transporta më ventajosos que los ferrocarriles”.
Make the trip on the tram, because of the house, it was very fast and comfortable that in the carriages of the messages that cover the area, surely. But what resulted in an absolute exit from the cargo service: the hawkers were expecting their practice in the market of their house, and all of them were directly at the markets.
On the other hand, the Rural Tram has opened the service service in the morning – but we know that the front hall of the Cement of the West – and part of the opportunity, to be able to pay attention, to make the trip to the dormitory campaign cavalry services.
Paso a ferrocarril
In 1892, the construction of the other ramal, which was born in Fatima -Pilar-, and Carmen de Areco’s house in 1896 was mentioned. In addition to the fact that the company of tramway and abandonment of the “Tramway” is in line with the company, Ferracarril Rural de la Buenos Aires Province is definitely deciding.
On October 11, 1906, Ferrocarril Central was wise in his denomination. Fue el ultimo ferrocarril en pasar al Estado, en 1949, para integrar la líaa General Urquiza.
The Federico Lacroze station of the Urquiza line, in front of the Cementerio de la Chacarita.
This line, with the years and the succession of men but not very interested in the trainings, was constantly extending to the fact that he was alone in the room of the trams, one of the San Miguel and the other Hurlingham. The cabecera station, clear, is Federico Lacroze. It is in front of the Cementerio de la Chacarita, as of 1888. It has been founded, curiously, but it has been closed all, but in Recoleta. (DIB) MM