(CNN) – The domestication of the cavaliers changed the course of the history of humanity, but the scientists had a long time to know when and where the weather was crucial.
Now, a new study based on the analysis of the ADN suggests that the cables of domestic fires will be exemplified in the case of 4,200 years ago in the regions of the Black Sea region, part of actual Russia, before extending to Asia and Europe in the following signs. .
It is always difficult to determine when and where the domestication of the horses is produced because of the exchange of men who evidently observed the animals as the domestic gangster, who experimented with a tambourine exchange. In their place, the investigators also asked to work on indirect research, as they suggest in the days that suggest the use of bridges to include the symbolism of the cabal in the distinct cultures, the author of the study and paleogenetist Ludovic Orlando, director of investment in the French National Center of Anthropobiology and the Genome of Toulouse for the University of Toulouse-Paul Sabatier in France.
“Rastrear human activity in the archaeological register is a difficult field, and most of the time you can reconstruct the ancient relations with the caballos, of which uniquely we have fragments, such as cavallo hues, for the studio,” co-author of the studio William Taylor, professor adjunct and conservator of Archeology at the Museum of Natural History of the University of Colorado.
With this ultimate study, an international team of scientists recognizes and sequesters the genomes of the 273 ancient cabbages found in Europe and Asia and compares them to the modern ADN of modern cavalry to determine origin.
The studio is published in the nature magazine.
Critical sale for domestication
The previous investments suggest that the origin of the domestication of the cavallos is found in Botai, in the north of Kazakhstan, in Central Asia, in proportion to the archeological tests of these animals. Without embargo, the ADN has a different history. The caves of Botai, which live 5,500 years ago, but the puddieron is distracted by the modern domestic cables. Other possible places of origin in Anatolia, Siberia and the Peninsula of Ibérica Tampoco dieron resultado.
Orlando and his team know that the period between 4,000 and 6,000 years ago was a critical venture to investigate when the cavallos were domesticated in the data of the ancient cabaret restaurants, “but no one can find an unreliable test.”
Researchers are looking for the opportunity to have a complete panorama, studying the ADN of ancient cables that live between 50,000 and 200 aC.
“The domestication of the cavallos is accompanied by an authentic giro in the history of humanity and provoking social transformations, generalizations and durability in all the ancient world,” says Taylor. .
The expansion of domestic cables
According to investigators, Eurasia is still a region of genetically distinct cavalry, but between 2000 and 2200 BC it produced a radical change. Apparation of a population of dominant genetic genetics in the Pontico-Caspian delta of the Caucasus North, in the Dnieper River, near the cliffs of the Don and the Volga. This area is now part of Russia.
This population of cavallos is extending and substituting for the groups of cavallos salvages that vagaban por Eurasia in cuestión de siglos.
“Lo mustu nuestran nuestros datos es que, hace entre 4.600 y 4.200 años, los pastores situados en la reón del Don-Volga encontraron una formu aumentar el grupo reproductive local de caballos”, explica Orlando. “This signifies that it is possible to reproduce more and more cables of this type of generation through generation. Also select cables with specific races.”
In the ADN of the caballos, there are indications of domestication, which are associated with a great deal of resistance, resistance, ability to recover before the fight and a column of vertebrae that can be supported by more than one dog. All of them are related to the equation in modern animals.
The equation, as well as the invention of the war cars with radio stations, probatively allows us to replace these cabbages in other areas with a beach of 500 years, and change to always the human movement and war.
“The reason why we are interested in so many caballos is that it can be considered as one of the animals that he has influenced in the history of humanity,” said Orlando. .
In the Mediterranean and in Mesopotamia, the tirade carriage stretches over the cabals are trying to extend the trade and the military conquistador through the caballos are very important as transport animals, dijo Taylor. In places such as Central Asia and the Orient, the cavallos also have a valiant function as a ganado and viajaban with the pastors of migratory cavaliers.
Techniques to stretch the origins of domestic cables
Según los entornos en los que vivían, “la domesticación de los caballos convirtió las estepas y praderas del mundo en centru culturales, nucleos de población i centros de poder politico”, afirma Taylor. .
Orlando and its team utilize innovative techniques of ADN to differentiate this population of primitive cables. Investigators want to understand how to completely domesticate the cavallos, but in Orlando and their colleagues are centered on the Pegasus project. This is also where you can find out how to introduce the domestic cables in North America and the South.
“Now we know where we can surpass the domestic cables, all the process of expanding through the world and the history of creation in the different types of differences that we know we are sure to be controversial,” Orlando commented.
. how are these different contexts remodeling the biology of the caballo “.